Introduction to Major Environmental Laws

The first attempt for regulating the environment and creating environmental services intended to comply with the regulations and promote awareness came by the hand of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), which was established by the United Nations Assembly (UN) back in 1972. The UN Assembly is headquartered in Nairobi, Kenya, and provides environmental resources civil for governments, scientists, journalists, business, civil society, children and youth. The UN has the commitment to “provide leadership and encourage partnership in caring for the environment by inspiring, informing and enabling nations and peoples to improve their quality of life without compromising that of the future generations”

With this example in mind, many other environmental services began to change their approach in relation to industries that provoked the contamination of our planet for a long time and summing efforts to stop the devastation of endangered flora and fauna species.

In the United States, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) made a call to introduce a number of laws and regulations through members of Congress proposing a bill that after approved become law. The EPA is a regulatory agency committed to promote awareness in environmental services.

Founded in 1970 with the goal of protecting both the environment and human health, the regulations promoted by the EPA can be traced back since before the actual agency existed, starting in 1938 with the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.

Environmental services that began to be regulated included the Federal Insecticide. Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act of 1947. Following this act, laws began to pay more attention to the environment, as it is demonstrate by the Federal Water Pollution Control Act of 1948, best known as Clean Water Act, the Clean Air Act passed to bill in 1955. Ten years after the Solid Waste Disposal Act and Shoreline Protection Act defined the new path to dig further for regulating the indiscriminate abuse of natural resources.

Today, the agency has a work force of 18,000 people working in pro of our environment from coast to coast, directing important actions from its headquarters in Washington, DC. The EPA offices have been witness to many other important environmental laws that make our world a better place to live in.

Among the most important laws issued, the 1972 Coastal Zone Management Act Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act, the 1973 Endangered Species Act, and the 1990 National Environmental Education Act and Pollution Prevention Act, have encouraged the development of new environmental services.

Natalie Aranda writes on laws and environment.

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