The brain can be injured internally, from lack of oxygen. But a traumatic brain injury arises from some kind of impact to the skull which may even penetrate the skull. Usually the skull gives excellent protection to the delicate brain but a bullet or something sharp can penetrate and injure the brain directly. And events like road accidents, sports injuries, falls etc can hit the skull so hard that the brain is shaken inside, and bruised. Internal bleeding may occur and nerve tissue may be damaged.
Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBIs) can range from very mild to very severe and fatal. There are a myriad symptoms, some immediate and some delayed. The National Center for Injury Prevention and Control states that about 1.4 million people sustain a TBI every year in the U.S. Many of them are children.
Main causes of TBI
· Falls cause 28%
· Road accidents cause 20%
· Impact to the skull in other settings cause 19%
· Assaults cause 11%
· Bicycle accidents cause 3%
About 9% of TBIs have an unknown cause.
A person may have subtle symptoms and not realize their significance. They may think they’re just feeling tired or distracted or depressed and it will pass, and so they may not go for any medical check-up.
· Headaches – mild or severe, but persistent
· Distraction – trouble with remembering and concentrating, or with making decisions
· Fatigue – lack of energy or enthusiasm for life
· Loss of ability to sense things like taste or smell
· Light sensitivity
· Sleep disruption
· Puzzling mood changes
· Slowness – in speech, thought, reading or action
When a child sustains a TBI, they may not be able to explain the changes in themselves, especially if there is no physical pain. They may seem tired or cranky, may perform poorly in school, may become sick to the stomach, wake up during the night, cry for no apparent reason. Be sure and take your child for a medical check-up if you think there may have been any blow to the head.
In some cases, the effects of a TBI are obvious: the person may be unconscious, bleeding, unable to speak, in severe pain, experiencing loss of memory, etc. A TBI can cause specific conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease, and others which may not appear until much later. In the most severe cases, the injured person needs lifelong living assistance.
If you or someone you love has sustained a brain injury, even if it appears mild, be sure and get medical care. You might also want to contact an experienced brain injury attorney. If you are entitled to fair compensation because of someone else’s negligence in causing your injury, it is best not to delay in talking to a lawyer, because there is always a time limit for filing a claim