A judge grants a divorce after your divorce form is submitted to the court, and all required appearances before the judge are completed. In uncontested divorce cases often times you do not even have to physically appear in front of court to get a divorce. In Utah you may file the forms yourself, or obtain a lawyer’s assistance. You could also seek help from Utah’s “Online Court Assistance Program” if you and your spouse have less than six children, and you and your spouse’s combined income has to be under $10,100 per month. FAQ
What is an annulment? When the court declares an annulment, it’s declaring that the couple was never married because the marriage is void under Utah law, or the marriage resulted in fraud. Utah law does not recognize marriages involving incest, where one spouse has a previous undivorced spouse, and where the person performing your ceremony is unauthorized to do so. Generally courts refuse to annul a marriage if children were born during the marriage.
What is legal separation? Legal separation is when the parties live separately, but remains legally married to one another, it’s not a divorce. The couples rights and legal duties to one another are defined in a “Decree of Legal Separation”. A Decree of Legal Separation covers matters such as spousal support, child support, division of property and payment of debts.
Can the same lawyer represent both my spouse and me? No. This is because there is almost always conflict of interest between spouses, which prevents the attorney from properly representing both sides.
How is property divided? Regardless of the income source, Utah laws recognize that both spouses contributed to any property acquired during the time married. Utah requires an “equitable” division of property but not necessarily equal. The division or property usually uses these factors; how long the marriage lasted, the age and health of all parties, their occupations, the amounts and sources of income, and also related issues/matters. It doesn’t matter whose name is on the house, the car, or even boat the courts have the power to divide all property owned by either or both spouses. The judge will consider if the parties divided their property by agreement, and he’ll review it to decide if it’s fair. Just remember the property division cannot be reopened after its final, except under very rare, limited circumstances.
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